Cyngor Bwrdeistref Sirol Wrecsam

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Taflen Gyngor Atodol: Trin Gwallt 1

Ymwadiad Gwefan

Mae'r dudalen hon yn y broses o gael ei chyfieithu a bydd ar gael yn y man. Os hoffech gael eich hysbysu pryd y bydd fersiwn Gymraeg y ddogfen ar gael, anfonwch neges e-bost at: webmaster@wrexham.gov.uk, neu cwblhewch y ffurflen ymholiadau cyffredinol ar lein.

The general principles of health and safety are to be found in Advice Sheets 1 to 10. However, this sheet contains information on meeting your legal requirements, which has been tailored to your specific needs.

CARRYING OUT YOUR COSHH ASSESSMENT

1. Gathering Information

  • Read the "Blue Book" A Guide To The Health And Safety Of Salon Hair Products in order to find out more about the hazardous nature of the products you use.

  • Using the Hairdressers COSHH Assessment Form provided, list all the processes which you carry out involving these products. There may be other products which you use which are not listed e.g. general cleaning substances, aromatherapy oils.

2. Assessing the Risk

You now need to decide at what points somebody might be injured or suffer ill-health. In your opinion, how likely is this? For example:

  • Accidental or prolonged contact of the product with the skin

  • Splashes, particularly when mixing, and especially to the eyes

  • Contact with food and food utensils e.g. mixing of products using food utensils, preparation in sinks used for washing cups, etc

  • Contact with incompatible substances e.g. stainless steel, other cleaning chemicals.

  • Build up of vapours, aerosols and dusts (from powdered preparations) in the air because of poor ventilation

Observe practices and talk to your staff. Remember to be objective. Find out what is really happening in your salon.

Record the risks you have identified on the Hairdressers COSHH Assessment Form.

Safe Procedures

Write down the actual procedures and precautions which must be followed. Examples of precautions are:

  • Use of correct equipment. This may differ for various processes, so refer to the "Blue Book" and suppliers' guidance

  • Set aside suitable preparation areas, separate from staff wash-hand basins and sinks used to wash cups and other food utensils

  • Provide sufficient ventilation. Mechanical ventilation is strongly recommended. Aim to achieve about 10-air changes per hour

  • Provide and use suitable protective equipment especially gloves and aprons

4. Spillage and First Aid Procedure

  • Make sure you have appropriate first-aid equipment

  • Have you thought through how you would deal with foreseeable incidents e.g. spillage's, splashes and burns

5. Training

  • Take all you staff through your Hairdressers COSHH Assessment Form

  • Explain the risk involved, the precautions to be taken and emergency procedures

  • Record who has been trained by whom and when. Use the Training Record Form provided in the pack. This form should also be used for other health and safety training.

  • Remember it is your duty to make sure your staff have been instructed and trained in the safe working practices, regardless of their previous employment, experience or training

CLEANING & HYGIENE

You must have a formal cleaning regime for equipment. It should include, as a minimum standard, the following features:

  • Wash all equipment in hot water and detergent between each client.

  • Sterilise and disinfect equipment if they have come into contact with cuts, wounds or skin conditions

  • Sterilise or disinfect equipment daily. Refer to suppliers recommendations for correct dilution and immersion times

  • Change sterilising or disinfecting solution daily

Sinks used for cleaning equipment and missing products must be kept separate from those used for staff hygiene and food utensils.

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Taflen Gyngor Atodol: Trin Gwallt 2

Ymwadiad Gwefan

Mae'r dudalen hon yn y broses o gael ei chyfieithu a bydd ar gael yn y man. Os hoffech gael eich hysbysu pryd y bydd fersiwn Gymraeg y ddogfen ar gael, anfonwch neges e-bost at: webmaster@wrexham.gov.uk, neu cwblhewch y ffurflen ymholiadau cyffredinol ar lein.

DERMATITIS

This is a debilitating and unsightly condition of the skin. At best it is irritating or painful. At worst, it can be seriously disabling and could end someone's employment prospects.

Dermatitis is an occupational health risk that is particularly associated with the hairdressing profession.

THE LAW REQUIRES YOU TO PROTECT AGAINST THIS RISK

What you must do

1. Recognise the early symptoms

  • Early signs are redness, flaking, itching and cracking of the skin

2. Recognise the main causes

  • Shampoo is an irritant. It can cause contact dermatitis and can also make you more susceptible to dermatitis from the other products because it removes the protective oils from the skin.
  • Other preparations, e.g. perming solution and tints can cause allergic dermatitis.

3. Take adequate precautions

You must adequately control risks associated with Dermatitis. Unless you can devise an equally effective control measure, the precautions should be:

  • Wear gloves routinely during shampooing and when mixing and applying preparations, AND
  • Use barrier creams and moisturisers regularly

4. Instruct and supervise staff

  • Make sure they know the early signs of dermatitis
  • Make sure they know the correct precautions
  • Supervise staff to ensure that they are following the correct procedures and are using the necessary precautions when they should be.

It is essential that medical advice is sought as soon as symptoms are noticed.

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Taflen Gyngor Atodol: Sefydliadau Ceir a Theiars

A Formal Structure for Dealing with Health and Safety

  • You must have a definite structure for managing health and safety.
  • Bring together your key personnel e.g. workshop and bodyshop managers to form a safety committee.
  • One way of getting started is to use the Advice Sheets in the Business Information to set your first Agenda.

The Paperwork

  • The single most important document in both effectively managing health and safety and meeting your legal requirements is the Safety Policy.
  • If you follow the guidance in each of the Advice Sheets in turn, starting with Risk Assessments, then you will have the majority of your Safety Policy in place. You can use the sample forms provided in the information for your risk assessment.
  • You will also need written risk assessments in COSHH and Manual Handling and clear working procedures to manage health and safety effectively. We have included a range of forms which you may use to help you in this task.
  • Use the formal structure you have set-up to spread the load in respect of assessments and establishing safe procedures.

Equipment Maintenance

Some of your equipment will require statutory examination. You are responsible for these:

  • Plan and diarise the inspections; Understand the resulting paperwork and know how to deal with any identified defects (e.g section 5a and 5b entries in form F54's); Have clear isolation procedures; Keep paperwork in an accessible place for the required period.
  • You must also decide on what type of maintenance the rest of your equipment requires. This may not necessarily result in service contracts. In-house checks on a formal and regular basis may suffice. Produce a Maintenance Schedule.
  • You must have a regime for keeping your electrical equipment and installation in a safe condition. Essentially, this is mapped out for you in Advice Sheet 9. We have also included an Inspection Log and supplementary notes on this matter.

Systems of Work

Your Risk Assessments should have identified where your main problem areas are. You must now draw up clear procedures for dealing with these risks. There are a number of areas to which you must pay particular attention. Use HS(G) 62 and HS(G) 67 to help you draw up a safe procedure for the following:

  • Battery charging; Welding and cutting; Work on petrol and fuel tanks/lines; Brake and clutch work; Traffic management; Wheel and tyre changing and inflation; and Dermatitis

Rolling Roads: Ensure the friction coating on the rollers is in good condition. Hatch the floor around the rollers - make this a Prohibited Area during operation.

Exhaust Fumes: Your COSHH Assessment must include how you control risks from exhaust fumes. Things you must consider include the frequency of engine running; general ventilation; workshop size. However, you must be able to justify whether Local Exhaust Ventilation (LEV) is a necessary precaution in your particular circumstances.

Public Access to Vehicles: Ideally, the public should not have access to the vehicles in the workshop. However, we accept that in certain circumstances, this may be an established working practice. If so.

  • Identify those operations which the public are not allowed near.
  • Children should be prohibited under all circumstances.
  • Provide specific and clear instructions for all staff.
  • Ensure effective supervision of this.

First Aid Provision: See Advice Sheet 10 for your basic requirements on this. Where car repair is carried out then a Suitable Person should be provided.

Staff Welfare: Advice Sheet 8 gives general information on this. In specific terms however you should endeavour to achieve the following.

  • Wash hand basins should be situated so as to encourage their use, i.e. close to the work activity in a convenient position. They should be provided with running hot and cold water and be kept in a clean condition.
  • Eating facilities and rest rooms, separate from the workplace, should be provided and kept clean and in good repair.

Bodyshops

If your operation includes this activity, there are a number of specific measures which must be implemented. You should have the relevant documents to show that you ventilation systems are being routinely examined; Respiratory Protective Equipment must be of the correct type and you must have a definite procedure for checking and maintaining it. You will also need to carry out health surveillance on the sprayers. Some operations, such as the use of Air Chisels may necessitate a formal Noise Assessment. HS(G)67 contains guidance on all of these areas.

Further Information:

Health and Safety in Tyre and Exhaust Fitting Premises. HS(G)62 (HSE) ISBN 0 11 885594;(2) Health and Safety in Motor Vehicle Repair. HS(G)67 (HSE) ISBN 0 11 885671 5; The Retail Motor Industry Federation guides to Management of Health and Safety at Work, the 6 pack Health and Safety Regulations, and COSHH Assessments. RMI Business Stationery, 201 Great Portland Street, London W1N AB.

Taflen Gyngor: Radon

Nwy ymbelydrol sy’n digwydd yn naturiol yw radon. Nid oes modd ganfod trwy aroglau, golwg na chyffwrdd. Daw o’r wraniwm naturiol sy’n bresennol yn holl greigiau a phriddoedd. Mae’n bresennol ymhob rhan o’r wlad ond, gan fod y nwy’n gwasgaru’n gyflym yn yr atmosffer, mae’n cael eu hystyried bod y lefelau yn yr awyr agored yn isel iawn.

Gall rhai amgylchiadau daearegol arwain at fwy o Radon nag sy’n arferol yn eich tŷ. Gall dod i gysylltiad â llawer iawn o radon arwain at fwy o berygl datblygu canser yr ysgyfaint.

Os ydych yn pryderu ynghylch lefelau radon lle’r ydych yn byw gallwch gysylltu â ni a byddwn yn gallu rhoi amcangyfrif o lefelau yn y fan lle’r ydych yn byw. Fel arall gallwch gysylltu â’r Asiantaeth Diogelu Iechyd (HPA) fydd yn gallu dweud wrthych sut i fesur radon yn eich eiddo, a oes angen i chi gymryd unrhyw gamau i’w leihau a sut i wneud hynny.

HPA – (0800 614529) neu wefan www.hpa.org.uk

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