CCTV - Closed Circuit Television
This page provides information about Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) operated by Wrexham County Borough Council.
Closed Circuit Television (CCTV) is a television system which operates on a "closed loop" basis. Unlike broadcast television which is available to anyone with a suitable receiver, CCTV pictures are only available to those directly connected to the loop, which in Wrexham's case is the central monitoring control room. The loop is a physical link consisting of a fibre optic cable which carries the picture from the camera to a monitor.
The Town Centre CCTV scheme was first established in November 1996 with twelve strategically placed cameras located within Wrexham town centre.
A Central Control Room (CCR) was established from the outset to provide continuous monitoring 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Following a number of project implementations since 1996 the number of cameras has substantially increased and Wrexham’s extensive network now covers numerous town centre and village locations.
As a direct result of partnership projects, Wrexham’s CCTV network has also expanded to provide additional security at Wrexham Industrial Estate, the Wrexham Maelor Hospital and also a number of shopping park developments around Wrexham Town Centre.
Impact of CCTV
The success of CCTV in reducing incidents of crime and disorder and the fear of crime in the areas covered has been marked. Information from North Wales Police indicates that the introduction of CCTV together with the development of the Town Centre Police Team led to a 52% reduction in crime within the town centre in the first year of operation.
From local research on crime and disorder, confirmed by the findings of the community needs assessment, it is clear that CCTV has also contributed to reducing the fear of crime and increasing the perception of security in the areas covered by the cameras. Significant investment on CCTV has taken place within the town centre and has produced results. Surveys of public opinion show significant support for the use of CCTV within the town centre with a high percentage of people indicating they want CCTV within their community.
Funding for CCTV
CCTV schemes have been funded by a combination of public and private contribution. The bulk of the running costs are met by Wrexham County Borough Council, though there are contributions from retailers and other organisations for some cameras.
A number of public and private partnership funding arrangements have been successfully implemented. Examples include the Island Green and Henblas Square retail developments where the developer paid the capital costs of the cameras and contribute to revenue costs , and on the Wrexham Industrial Estate the businesses contribute to the maintenance and monitoring costs. In the public sector the North Wales Health Authority contributes to the revenue costs for coverage at Wrexham Maelor Hospital.
Home Office funding in 2000 and 2002 from the Crime Reduction Programme CCTV initiative and the Targeted Policing Initiative, has also funded the expansion of Wrexham’s CCTV network into residential areas, Wrexham Industrial Estate and the Maelor Hospital.
Capital investment for previous schemes at the Rail and Bus stations and a major junction on the Wrexham inner ring road were also funded by the Home Office.
Any expansion of the CCTV system will be subject to revenue costs being identified to contribute proportionately to the ongoing cost for transmission, control room staff, equipment maintenance and premises.
Strategy for CCTV
In response to the 1998 Crime and Disorder Act the Wrexham Crime and Disorder Reduction Strategy Group was established to form a partnership between the local authority, Police, health authority and others following the identification of five strategic priorities for 1999 - 2002.
The Group conducted a further audit of crime and disorder identifying six strategic priority areas. Based on these priorities a strategy has been developed for the period 2002- 2005 to reduce:
- Youth Offending
- Anti-Social Behaviour
- Drugs and Alcohol Misuse
- Domestic Abuse
- Town Centre Crime
- Volume Crime (Burglary, Criminal Damage & Vehicle Crime)
The overall crime reduction strategy has informed policy and strategies for CCTV deployment as part of a number of initiatives to reduce crime and the fear of crime.
The Partnership's strategy is to look to expand CCTV within the town centre and in outlying rural and village locations where the audit indicates there is a concentration of crime and where it is considered that CCTV can make a significant impact as part of other crime reduction initiatives.